United AP was doing a great job in the production of fruits. Its yearly growth rates were far superior to other states as the following graph shows. Andhra Pradesh is the leading producer of fruits with 13.9 million tonne, accounting for a 17% share in 2012-13. Maharashtra with 9.7 million tonne (12%) was ranked second followed by Gujarat (8.4 million tonne and 10%).
While West Bengal topped horticultural production with 29.2 million tonne, United Andhra Pradesh recorded 28.9 million tonne. Let us look at state-wise production of top two major horticultural contributors (i.e. fruits and vegetables) in the country.
Total fruit production in the country increased 8.5% to 81 million tonne between 2010-11 and 2012-13. India is the largest producer of mango, banana, papaya, sapota, pomegranate, acid lime and aonla. But in vegetables, AP’s production was almost flat and showed only marginal improvement.
India grows more than 40 kinds of vegetables. West Bengal tops with a 15.7% share of total vegetable production in the country in 2012-13. There has been an increase of 10.6% in total vegetable produce in the country from 2010-11 to 2012-13 with total output reaching 162 million tonne (MT). Uttar Pradesh is the second largest producer of vegetables with 19 million tonne followed by Bihar (16 MT), Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh with (12 MT) each.
Major vegetables grown in India include potato, tomato, onion, brinjal etc. India leads the world in the production of peas and okra, while it is ranked second in the production of brinjal, cauliflower, cabbage and onion. India is also the largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices in the world, with around 50 species grown in the country.